Jernkontoret’s library has become a central resource for literature within the history of mining and metallurgy. All aspects of this subject area are covered, from economic and social history to the history of technology.
The library also holds extensive picture collections including about 6,000 illustrations of Swedish ironworks and mines as well as a collection of some 7,000 portraits and biographical material relating to persons linked to Sweden’s mining and metallurgical industry.
The history of mining and metallurgy in Jernkontoret’s library
From Jernkontoret’s earliest years of activity are preserved the handwritten blast furnace master reports and stamp books; a significant source material that describes the state of affairs within Swedish ore mining and metallurgy during the 18th and 19th centuries. Jernkontoret’s early official reports on the industry have been transferred to the National Archives while documents that concern the institution itself are still stored in Jernkontoret’s own archive. Amongst notable handwritten documents in the library are Reinhold Angerstein’s travel accounts of foreign journeys undertaken during the 1750’s.
The library’s collections of older printed literature were acquired during the early years of its activity. At that time it served as a reference library for the day-to-day operations of the Swedish Iron Masters’ Association. From this period date the acquisitions of the Swedish Legal Code of 1734, early examples of mining legislation (Bergsordningarna), documents of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and academic treatises on subjects of mining and metallurgical science.
The book acquisitions subsequently increased in scope. From the 1830’s Jernkontoret was subscribing to several foreign publications: ‘Annales des mines’, ‘Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde’ and subsequently other leading foreign journals within mining science and metallurgy. Exchange partnerships with foreign organisations were started as early as the end of the 19th century.
It should be pointed out in this context that several journals were published with the aid of grants from Jernkontoret. These journals are of widely differing type – technical and scientific works, political brochures, documents relating to industrial communities [Swe. bruk], studies of economic issues etc. Examples include: Sven Rinman, ‘Bergwerks-Lexikon’ and ‘Försök till järnets historia med tillämpling för slögder och handtverk’, J.C. Garney, ‘Handledning uti svenska masmästeriet’, J.H. Forselles and A.E. Törnebohm ‘Geologiska kartor’ of 1854 and 1877, Hj. Sjögren’s translation of E. Swedenborg’s work ‘Om Järnet’, etc).
In total, this covers about 200 different works and the collection to be found in the library is practically complete. The library collection also includes Jernkontoret’s Annaler [one of Sweden’s oldest technical journals] with annexes and place name register, as well as Jernkontoret’s historical metallurgy publication series.
Jernkontoret's art collections
Jernkontoret has in its possession a large collection of pictures with motifs from Swedish ironworks and ironworks estates, foundries and mines, waterfalls and industrial sites in the service of the iron industry. The collection covers the period from the 17th century up to the 1960’s.
Its foundation derives from the donation of the extensive pictorial collection of the works manager Carl Sahlin, the fruit of many year’s work. It was exhibited to mark the centenary of the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in the spring of 1919 and it was presented by him to Jernkontoret in November of the same year. This collection included a number of original watercolours and wash drawings by O.S. von Unge, C.A. Tamm, Ulrik and Thora Thersner. But the great majority comprised graphic works, well-known in the history of Swedish engraving, from ‘Suecia Antiqua’, by Linnerhjelm, Johan Fredrik Martin, Gillberg, M.G. Ankarsvärd, Thersner etc.
This original collection of Carl Sahlin subsequently grew in scope over the years, through gifts by interested persons – amongst which pride of place must go to the founder himself – as well as through purchases.
The pictorial collection comprises about 3,000 different works. Besides drawings and paintings as well as pictorial prints of all types such as copper engravings, aquatint engravings, etchings, lithographs, woodcuts, colour prints, photomechanical reproductions etc.; photographs are also included.
In connection with the presentation of Sahlin’s picture collection to Jernkontoret, there was a request to make the picture material of Sweden’s mining and metallurgical history more complete by recording and photographing all existing drawings and paintings with subject matter from the country’s metallurgical works and mines.
This inventory work, that continued during the 1920’s and 1930’s, was particularly fruitful. The entire picture catalogue now lists about 3,000 pictures, about four-fifths of which also includes a negative with a photographic copy. These pictures have been sought in both public and private collections. All public museums, libraries and archives were gone through for this purpose and produced a good yield.